Tuesday, 6 June , 2023
امروز : سه شنبه, ۱۶ خرداد , ۱۴۰۲
شناسه خبر : 20609
  پرینتخانه » فيلم تاریخ انتشار : 26 ژانویه 2023 - 6:02 | 11 بازدید | ارسال توسط :

فيلم: #CitiesOnTheFrontline 2023 | R4C: اندازه گیری آسیب پذیری و ایجاد انعطاف پذیری عادلانه

Title: #CitiesOnTheFrontline 2023 | R4C: اندازه گیری آسیب پذیری و ایجاد انعطاف پذیری عادلانه رویدادهای آب و هوایی شدید یکی از خطرناک ترین شوک هایی هستند که شهرها را آزار می دهند و در نتیجه تغییرات آب و هوایی به طور فزاینده ای رایج می شوند و معیشت و رفاه مردم به ویژه آسیب پذیرترین […]

Title: #CitiesOnTheFrontline 2023 | R4C: اندازه گیری آسیب پذیری و ایجاد انعطاف پذیری عادلانه

رویدادهای آب و هوایی شدید یکی از خطرناک ترین شوک هایی هستند که شهرها را آزار می دهند و در نتیجه تغییرات آب و هوایی به طور فزاینده ای رایج می شوند و معیشت و رفاه مردم به ویژه آسیب پذیرترین افراد را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهند. بر اساس گزارش جدید اداره ملی اقیانوسی و جوی (NOAA) تنها در سال ۲۰۲۲، فجایع شدید آب و هوایی و فجایع اقلیمی که ایالات متحده را تحت تاثیر قرار داده است، تخمین زده می شود که هر کدام حداقل یک میلیارد دلار هزینه داشته باشند. برای اولین بار در سال ۲۰۲۳ که به طور مشترک توسط شبکه شهرهای تاب آور و بانک جهانی سازماندهی شد، مدیر منطقه R-Cities برای آمریکای شمالی، لورین فارل، دیوید نش، مدیر ارشد تغییرات اقلیمی و مشارکت به ما پیوستند. در بنیاد Z زوریخ و جوردانا واسکوئز، مدیر برنامه برنامه شاخص R-Cities در مورد مقاومت در برابر سیل و گرما، #تاب آوری برای #جامعه (R4C). R4C برای تقویت انعطاف‌پذیری آب و هوا و رسیدگی به نابرابری‌های اجتماعی در سطح جامعه طراحی شده است، با بررسی این سوال که چگونه تاب‌آوری را در سطح جامعه تعریف می‌کنیم، و شاید مهم‌تر از همه، چه کسی تاب‌آوری را تعریف کند. در طول جلسه، کارشناسان در مورد روش‌شناسی متمرکز بر جامعه در پشت اجرا بحث کردند، پیشرفت فعلی در هیوستون را پیگیری کردند و برخی از درس‌هایی را که تاکنون آموخته‌ایم به اشتراک گذاشتند. فصل ها: ۰:۰۰ مقدمه جلسه ۶:۴۹ تاب آوری برای جوامع R4C | ویدئو ۱۰:۰۳ دیوید نش، مدیر ارشد تغییرات آب و هوایی و مشارکت، بنیاد Z زوریخ | ابزار و روش CRMC 23:07 جوردانا واسکز، مدیر، انعطاف پذیری و برابری آب و هوا، R-Cities | پیاده سازی R4C 34:19 پیاده سازی R4C در هیوستون | ویدئو ۳۶:۵۲ پرسش و پاسخ با اعضای پانل درباره برنامه R4C بیشتر بدانید: https://resilientcitiesnetwork.org/resilience-for-communities-r4c/

قسمتي از متن فيلم: Thank you hello everyone and thank you for joining us for the first cities on the Frontline session of the year happy New Year and welcome to all my name is Malika methadin I am a young professional at the World Bank and I support the urban program in East Asia based in Singapore

And co-hosting with me today is Lorien from the recipient cities Network who will introduce herself the topic and our Panthers shortly so just before we start let me remind everyone of the intentions of the speaker series and the ground rules for our conversation today the purpose of these Global seminars is

To have an open and honest learning conversation the calls are not on the record and we ask that you do not attribute any comments unless you have the person’s express permission to do so and we can help you to obtain this commission permission if you need it we have about 200 registered participants

For the polls so to facilitate the discussion we ask that you write your questions with the help of the WebEx q a function or you can put your questions in the chat and please note that the recording of the session as well as the Powerpoints for the presentations will

Be posted online by next week lorian over to you thank you so much Malika um well Welcome to our session on measuring vulnerability and building Equitable resilience as Maliki mentioned my name is Lyon Farrell and I am the regional director for North America at the Brazilian cities Network it’s a I’ve

Had the pleasure of working with both of our panelists on the resilience for communities program and as a regional director in North America I speak to many Chief resilience officers who share the same message with us over and over that they need to be able to Define resilience in a quantitative way they

Want to know how do they measure resilience so that they can do their their work more effectively it’s important for them to be able to have discussions about prioritizing projects when there’s lots of competitions for resources within cities and it’s also important for being able to demonstrate impact in cities so this is

A really important project for us at the resilience cities Network that that meets the needs of our zeros as they they’ve told us we were fortunate to link up with David Nash at the Zurich Foundation to create the resilience for communities program and the Zed Zurich Foundation is an excellent partner

Because they had an established program centered on flood risk in rural areas and they wanted to expand that program to include heat while also implementing in urban areas something that we know a lot about at the resilient cities Network so it was also a very important bonus

For us having the opportunity to work with a strong network of practitioners in the flood Alliance who you’re going to hear more about uh shortly from our panelists and I’m going to save all the more details um for our speakers to expand upon those points further so as I mentioned our cities co-created

This resilience for a community program with us at Zurich Foundation we’re very interested in centering equity in our processes and also ensuring that there is an element of learning and scaling three things that are not always important to funders so this was very very welcome I’m also interested in they were also

Interested in implementing Solutions and so you will hear about the climate measurement for resilience tool and how it supports communities in designing Solutions there are five cities in North America that are participating in this work with us and a minute you’re going to meet them in a short intro video but first

Let me tell you a bit more about our speakers so first we’re going to hear from David Nash who I’ve been speaking about David is the climate change and Partnerships senior manager at the Zurich Foundation through 15 years in the corporate sector in the UK he developed the Keen business Acumen

Much of much of his early career was spent in facilitation and people roles firstly in training and development moving towards more externally facing roles in Partnership and organizational development in 2005 his Focus shifted towards how corporates engaged with communities he then spent the next eight years managing the India program from 2005 to

۲۰۱۳ and often playing double duty as the CEO at Chennai based mental health charity the Banyan in 2013 David returned to the Zurich Insurance Group in Switzerland and the Zurich flood resilience program this program is a multi-year global initiative aimed at enhancing Community resilience to floods recently this has been expanded with further

Work planned until at least 2024 demonstrating the long-term commitment to enhancing resilience at a global level and I can say it is David’s diverse experience and its ability to really see how to make space in corporate settings for the voices of communities to be heard that led to the design of the r4c

Program as we know it today uh next we’re going to hear from Jordana Vasquez who is a manager for climate resilience and Equity at the resilient cities Network and she’s also the program lead on our resilience for communities program in this role Jordana gauges engages with program participants including City

Staff local community organizations and other stakeholders to advance opportunities to identify and scale community-centric resilience Solutions prior to her work at Brazilian cities Network Jordana served as senior associate with a New York City non-profit called building energy exchange known as BX tackling climate issues linked to the built environment

In support of the city and the state’s ambitious climate action plans before BX to another worked as a community development officer uh providing technical assistance and development development aid for Hurricane Sandy’s multi-family recovery and resilience efforts so as you can see we have we could not have found a more suitable person to

Lead this work in the field with us and to lead the r4c program Jordana also graduated from Pratt Institute with a bachelor’s in architecture and hold certifications from gbci environmental leadership program and the Global Leadership human impacts Institute now before I hand the microphone over to our speakers I would

Love to share a short video that will tee up the discussions nicely I will hopefully hopefully demonstrate for you the energy and the excitement and the Deep value that this project has presented for the cities involved so with that I will ask God Nelly if you wouldn’t mind running the video Also coming from uh the the Chinatown well what you’re seeing on this road we didn’t look at resilience from a climate perspective We looked at resilience by a way of looking at Race Matters for a city that has been founded on Race Matters and and really being ahead of its time oftentimes in our cities we focus so much on the nuts and bolts Hayden roads the pothole and we forget about the

Human aspect of how all these things are impacting for us in New Orleans it really is about the city surviving we were almost wiped off the face of the map A lot of these City have implemented really incredible projects that also help to build resilience and responses to climate change so Charleston has a lot to learn from some of the larger cities in this resilience program they’re more diverse diversity can also be a management issue

As you go forward and trying to engage with the community especially the resilience measurement tool I think is going to be really valuable because it really puts in the hands of the communities a certain sense of autonomy in the sense of how they want to craft their resilient future

It is the culmination of many discussions with our partners at The Zed Zurich foundation and Zurich North America who came to us with an idea that they wanted to be able to build community resilience I am ever The Optimist I feel that as a society we have the tools we need to to

Improve the lives of even the most underserved in our in our society we can highlight new ways of doing the work highlight new ways of improving Community resilience and show that you can work together across barriers across agencies across disciplines and that it’s necessary to do so if we’re actually ever going to

Achieve this ultimate goal foreign Microphone over to David Nash who’s going to speak to us about the r4c program and said um foundation’s involvement in getting us to this point today David over to you thank you very much Lorien and good morning good afternoon good evening to all the participants uh that dialed into

Into this call I’m just going to share my screen with you and I’ve run through a few slides to illustrate what I’m going to be talking about um behind it just to um set the scene a little bit about where we’re at so bear with me one second

And hopefully hopefully you can all see uh or see my screen uh particular Point Okay so um as Lauren said we about 18 months ago I suppose now um started having this conversation with the resilient cities network uh in the US uh around uh how we could work more effectively in cities

Using some of the experience that we’d had from our work that we’ve been doing with the flood resilience Alliance over the previous kind of eight or so years and what I’d like to do is just kind of bring you through a process of what it

Is we actually try and do on the ground um starting with a little bit of history about where where we where we kind of come from um the cloud resilience Alliance is something that we created alongside our partners um originally with its roots back in 2013 um but the current incarnation of the

Farmers as you’ll see that from the logos up there uh span Community investment professionals uh different Community Development professionals sorry humanitarian experts um institutes that are focused on research and how to translate that research into practical action and as well as the Zurich Insurance Company bringing in its risk expertise now this

Combination of multi-sectoral Partners across very diverse uh different kind of sectors does give us a huge opportunity of learning um bringing together multiple perspectives to look at the challenges that we face and the one big challenge we face when we first launched our flood program uh was the challenge that my

Boss first gave me on my first day working they said you know you’re going to come in and work with this flood resilience program our aim is to build resilience for communities how are we going to know we’ve done that which is a very interesting challenge

Bearing in mind that at the time the the undp had just done a um an analysis of what was going on on the ground and discovered that for every resilience professional there was at least one resilience definition um and often more uh and that there was very little uh by way of practical

Measurable systems um there are plenty of Frameworks plenty of people saying that you know these are the kind of things that make up resilience but there was nothing practical on the ground that you could point to to say if you do this you can measure this and be able to see

That resilience was improving in fact I remember reading an article at the time which basically said forget it you can’t measure resilience it’s too too conceptual as a as a topic um so so there’s you’re wasting your time thinking about it anyway we we decided that we weren’t going to waste

Our time that we did need to think about it and we did need to think about what resilience actually was so that we could put in place some idea of how we could tell whether a community had improved its resilience often the challenge with resilience is that it’s a latent feature

Of a community you don’t know you’ve got it until you’re suddenly hit by some kind of disaster of some description and you come through at the other side um well if you do then the resilience was there until you see the disaster you very often don’t know that resilience is

Going to be in place so how do you tell whether you’ve got resilience in the absence of an event that was the challenge that we set out to try and uh and um uh address uh and we used all of the expertise that was set within the flood resilience Alliance

We looked at it from a risk management perspective by bringing in endurex expertise we uh analyzed the current situation uh on the ground using our research partners and we brought a touch of practicality from those working directly with communities to understand how it was that that a measurement

System needed to work if it was going to work within communities so what do we what what process did we end up going with well the first thing to talk about is what resilience is in the first place um and uh our starting point was trying to get an understanding a definition of

What we meant by resilience now as I say there’s hundreds of these definitions about out there lots of them have got features uh in common with each other they’re not completely separate and completely different from each other and there’s a lot of a lot of kind of um Concepts that are pulled together

Into people’s definitions of resilience our research Partners took a look at all of them um pulled together every statement they could find about resilience and try to bring out from that the commonalities the common features and what they ended up with was was the definition you see

In front of you our definition of resilience is the ability of a system by which we mean a community largely in this situation or a society to pursue its social ecological and economic development and growth objectives so that in other words the community evolving and developing and carrying on

On its development path and becoming stronger as a community whilst managing each disaster risk so taking into account when it’s looking at development what disasters is going to get hit by over time so thinking about that in longitudinal way rather than just as a snapshot in a way that

Mutually reinforces those things so looking to see if you develop in the right way that it adds resilience to the mixture or if you build resilience in the right way then you’re going to help the community to develop and the rest of that slide is some examples of what we

Mean by that you know in terms of goals and aspirations it could be at an individual level you have your own individual aspirations right the way through to a community level where a community has its own development goals and development aspirations often those are destroyed when you get hit by an

Event such as a flood event or a heat wave or a Bushfire and what the aim of resilience is to do is to recognize that you’ve those development goals those goals you have for yourself if you’ve got resilience are capable of being achieved so that’s where we started we

Started with this idea of what resilience was and as you can probably tell this is still a fluffy concept um the uh the the the idea of somehow rather measuring this ability within a system um when it’s a latent ability it hides before it’s needed

Um is is a is an impossible task you I can understand the statement where I was reading you can’t measure resilience uh because when you look at that statement you can’t that’s the possible to measure so what we then did is say okay so if that’s impossible to measure how can we tell

What makes up a resilient Community or resilient system which leads us to think about the characteristics of a resilient system there’s lots of characteristic models out there and the one that we kind of chose to use was this one and largely because I think it’s fairly straightforward as giving a series of

Characteristics it’s very similar to the characteristics that come out from the city resilience index that Arab has developed as well there are a lot of similarities between these things but if a community is resilient it will have these characteristics it’ll be well built um so it will be robust it’ll have

Alternatives to the way in which he does things so the backup systems that are provided with redundancies in the system it’ll be able to adapt as it goes so using things in different ways depending on the circumstances and it’ll be able to respond quickly um all of those those four hours of

Resilience actually came from an earthquake engineering model looking at build system but if you strip the idea of a building out of it and start thinking of these in community terms the thing works just as well um in at a community setting you can you can’t measure those things

Either by the way um the the characteristics again are things that manifest when you get hit by a problem so we had to go another step further which is to say what provides this kind of characteristic to a community and that’s where we ended up talking about sources of resilience and distinguishing

Between where resilience comes from either source of resilience and what resilience manifests as the outcome of resilience and our aim over the last 10 years has been to take these thinking this thinking around where resilience comes from these sources and to validate that they are a good proxy measure for outcomes and we’ve

Been doing a lot of work behind the scenes with um with our flood program and the communities we’ve worked within the flood program uh to um to try to understand that connection between the two and our evidence is pointing to the fact that you can measure these sources of resilience

As good proxies for outcomes of resilience and you can see the sources the sources are there within the community it’s what the community knows it’s what the community has it’s how they use those things um we pulled those together into another model and this other model is uh the

Five capitals of the sustainable livelihoods framework uh the sustainable livelihoods framework has been knocking around um for a number of years probably 20 um if not more um but it’s a common and commonly understood way of looking at how a community is made up the assets the

Community have can fit all into this model and so what we’ve done is created what we call the 5c4r model of resilience which basically allows us to link sources of resilience with outcomes of resilience now that’s all very good um and we we use that for seven or eight

Years in in the kind of form it was in um but started to be asked questions about whether or not um looking I think just through the lens of flood was good enough um so we did some more research kind of understood uh what um the the model was

Telling us and basically you can replace the hazard by any other hazard in the model and it still would work um so if it’s a heat wave risk or if it’s a fire risk you might need to ask the question slightly differently but you nevertheless can still measure it in

The same kind of way and that led us to build a second model where we started to get a little bit more nuanced about what we meant by multiple hazards and the multiple hazards basically took these sources and started to look at them differently some will be needed no

Matter what the hazard some will behave differently if it’s a different Hazard but are fundamentally the same kind of thing an early warning system for example is a good example of that I heard an early warning system for flood is not the same as one for heat but it’s

Still an early warning system or it could be something that is only relevant to a particular Hazard and by understanding that sources could be split in this kind of way we’re able to create a toolkit that enables us to analyze these things at a community level

Directly and lead us to be able to put a measure on it and putting a measure on that at the start of a program in the middle of a program at the end of a program can see a trend of data across a program and be able to measure whether there’s an outcome

The huge benefit about this whole system though is not necessarily in just the measurement that’s what we set off to do but the other things that it does is it forces a conversation about resilience with communities because it’s all participatory and at a community level so it engages communities right from the

Outset in understanding their resilience that in itself builds capacity it also helps us to think about the interactions between different kinds of sources so rather than just a um an intervention where you don’t know the unintended consequences you can make interventions with a view to having specific intentional additional benefits coming

From the interventions you make because you can make better decisions about your interventions the program itself in the program has has worked tremendously well are now working with the resilient cities Network in in the US and with others as we spread that across the world we’re hoping that this

Multi-hazard framework provides us with the next step in to into solving this conundrum how do you work with resilience I’ll stop there Lauren thank you wonderful thank you so much David um and you just you just spoke about the Tool uh and how it can be used as an

Entry point into speaking with communities in a very structured and um unthoughtful way and uh and now I’m going to turn the mic over to Jordana Vazquez who is going to speak a little bit about how that’s been happening in the field um through our first r4c program and

Jordana I will I will hand the floor to you and you can queue up your video whenever you’re ready thank you Larry and good morning everyone good afternoon and good evening bear with me why I’ll share my screen so give me one second hi everyone uh David spoke about the need to measure

Communities and the perception of resilience in the community sorry so you measure the priscillas in communities and why we do the work that we do globally locally and also how the tool Works in action for the next few minutes I want to dive a little bit into the implementation

Phase where we’re with a program but also gave you a bit of a preview and a window into how the work looks and practice and also it looks on the ground uh with that said you’re now a bit familiar with the definition of Brazilians and urban resilience for us

Uh Jerusalem cities it is the capacity of individuals communities institutions businesses and systems within a city to survive adapt and also to thrive and the reason I highlighted individuals and communities and meaningful engagement and this definition is because at the core of what we do and at the heart of

The program we are working with the most marginalized communities impacted by climate hazards especially looking at the impacts of flooding and extreme heat so now only do these communities for the brunt of from it hazards they’re also suffering from great racial and social inequities inequities that are most often

Um oftentimes reduce the community’s abilities to not only react but also recover in this sense of stress and we’re looking and talking about specifically aspects of The Human Side the social side the financial side natural and infrastructure and so why do I mention all of this it

Is because I want to to set the tone a little bit into how the phase that we are working with came to be part of the program why we decided to choose those action studies and uh in Champion cities as you’re here in a minute

Um and let’s dive right into it so for the selection action studies or in other words are pallet cities we’re looking at cities that we’re interested in the within the network and developing actions developing projects that not only address the climate risk but also at uh we’re interested in tackling the

Social and the racial inequities as I mentioned before as well as the underlying hazards of extreme heat and flooding the cities that we selected were Houston and Boston and per each of those cities we were working with two communities another uh characteristics that we’re looking were a strong Chief resilient

Officers present as well as a presence of surig North America now as far as the champion cities we’re working with Charleston Chicago and New Orleans these cities are cities that share very similar characteristics to the action cities as far as similar challenges when it came to flooding and heat

Opportunities as well and gaps therefore they are joining us on this journey to share best practices resources knowledge products but most importantly a fresh new perspective on how do we tackle a multi-layer problem we’re also receiving some of that technical assistance and introduction to the tool how to measure resilience

So let’s take a quick look at how this is looking on the ground now and where we are with the program so as you can see you’re looking at the four different phases of our first C you’re looking first at the city engagement this is where we’re looking to get the buy-in

From the cities socialize the cities with the tool and also introduce it to just local government city council and so on the next phase is City Diagnostics and this is the reason I’m excited about this one is because a lot of the work that we’ve been doing for the last six

Months to a year has really been about this space here Studio Diagnostics this is where we go into the communities gather the data collect the data and conduct the community engagement activities for both for Houston and the planning for the city of Boston uh the third phase that you’re looking

At is Project this is once we have the data collected and we’ll talk a little bit more about how this is looking in the ground once we have the data collected and identify why the gaps where the challenges um the the real issues on the ground we

Identify from the the data we analyze the data and identify the projects that are going to address the challenges on the ground and then the last one you look at is at phase four so this is where we come in and you know think about how do we scale

So trainings uh perhaps a committee of practice knowledge products and all their resources so just again a quick overview of the four phases of the program and right now we are in phase two for Houston uh we’re almost done with data collection activities and they’re for Boston we’re

Going to be jumping right into that phase uh pretty soon at the end of spring okay so next I want to talk a little bit about the implementation phase of the mythology of crmc who we’re working with who are or key actors and who are pretty

Much our rock stars in the program so we work with Community ambassadors in other words we call them local Champions these are our connections to the communities to the ground we have been very lucky uh to work with cities that were really well connected with the main actors

Um as I mentioned before the champions in the cities people that are known through the community for advocating for the community working with the community and for the community so as you’re seeing in this picture our first Community engagement to collect data uh that took place at a

Food pantry so as people were lining up waiting for the food patching to open their doors at eight o’clock we were there at seven o’clock asking the residents of the communities about their lived experience it’s on the ground during the event of a flood or extreme heat

So that’s where you look in there the other part that I’ll mention this is that we also work not only with the Champions and the residents with volunteers who are from the community who have a stake at the community know their communities will uh trains and

Gardens in a leave in Houston those are the two committees that we’re working with and the volunteers have been crucial and very critical to make sure that the program is successful in their communities okay uh but how are we doing this so we are implementing uh three main methods

So household surveys as I mentioned before in the context of Houston and Boston we did not do uh do household service in the sense of going to the house per se but we actually would go to places where folks were already Gathering so as you can see in this picture

We went to a Hong Kong market and the City of Houston in the community of Alief and we asked residents again about their lived experiences during a flood um and it was extremely interesting people were already at the place we were able to secure a translator who you see in the

Photo Mr Andrew was able to be our connection to the ground and really gave that extra layer of trust that we needed to to connect with some other communities especially in the in the uh community of Alief the other two methods are focus groups discussions which were a larger groups and lastly we

Also had uh conversations with King informants in other ways their subject matter experts okay uh and the last part about implementing the methodology is the why we do the work that we do we’re really interested in making sure that people develop a sense of ownership because if

You have a sense of ownership you have a sense of a stewardship so we want to make sure that the voices of the community are part of the planning and the design process as well as what the interventions and the solutions are going to be we want to make sure that

The voices are front and center and part of this whole process from beginning to end okay and just a quick overview of what I explained in the city of Houston this is all the steps that we’re able to accomplish from selecting the community coming up with the community criteria

Um engaging the community of residents the local Champions the volunteers and everyone um within uh the process of sign planning and almost to the grading phase which will be the last slide that I’ll talk about but it has been a great experience to really understand what the perception of community resilience has

Been in both uh a leave and also Trinity Houston Gardens in the picture you can see uh whatever she’s conducting a household survey asking questions to one of the residents about I believe in that moment most likely just again perception of how does she uh things about like accessing

Education or expressing healthy foods or knowledge on first aid training so those are the kind of questions that you were to expect during the household training and lastly it’s uh next steps are grading so now that we are about to close that phase for data collection and

Gathering in Houston the next phase is a pretty exciting one we’re going to be analyzing all the data collected through through those different methods that I mentioned I really highlight what were the opportunities uh most the challenges the gaps the critical issues that need more exploring by the community we are

Going to be working with uh two or three local Champions identifying those communities and really think about how is this data going to inform the solutions that are going to be implemented in both of those communities so stay tuned for more on the grading

And the next phase to come now I want to pass it over to a team I don’t need to share my screen anymore but I do want you to take a look at a video that really just encompasses what we have been doing in the city of Houston for

The last few months and showcases the the great work that has taken place there thank you we are in Houston for our second Community engagement the community engagement that we are here doing in Houston starts with collecting data about how people perceive their resilience to flooding and heat and we

Have these little blue tablets that we’re carrying around with a series of questions that are designed to get at the different factors components of people’s lives that make them resilient So the the main objective for for the program is to really understand from youth what are the gaps and challenges that you’re facing in training to Houston Gardens I believe our community can have the same thing that every other community can have we feel like we’ve been left out here People in the neighborhood in the neighbor very very resilient but are we getting the community people involved it’s been five years with Harvey I was debating either the bank taking away my home or rebuilding it so with five children and my husband only working you know it comes days when you don’t sleep Reflecting this information and asking me these questions because we want you to be able to inform the interventions or the solutions that are going to be implemented in 2010. Thank you so much um David and Jordana those were really um engaging presentations and especially the videos and I really really um shows us exactly how the implementation goes thank you so much for introducing the methodology and the importance of measuring vulnerability through established metrics

Um I want to open up the floor for questions um and I’ll give everyone a minute or two to think about some questions that I can start with one question for David um so what prompted Zurich to create the tool and could you just tell us a little

Bit more about how you measure Community resilience through this year and see sure thanks thanks for the question um so as I think I said in my presentation the the the the drive behind trying to create the tool was the fact that we um were making these statements like we

Want to improve communities resilience but had literally no idea how to measure that um and when we looked around to try and uh you know pick up a bespoke measurement approach that we could just Implement uh just add to what we were doing um it turns out there wasn’t one

Um that there’s lots of talk around the fact you can’t measure resilience at all because it’s too nebulous it’s too kind of conceptual as an idea to be able to measure it uh so we we decided that actually there are probably ways in which we can understand resilience that

You can measure so we set off on that journey to try and create something and over the last eight or so eight to ten years we’ve we’ve kind of built this thing um as a toolkit to try and understand how resilience improves within the community so you know where it starts

From and how it gets better and the way in which the way which the tool Works basically it says a community’s resilience is dependent upon the way that it builds maintains and uses all of its assets and the community has many assets it got you know the human centered assets of its

Knowledge it’s its skill levels all of that um the way in which it’s organized and the way in which people look after each other in the social connections as well as the things like built infrastructure and and the natural environment and then the financing pieces as well so all of

Those kind of asset classes if you like that sit within a community um are the things that will provide you with resilience you know if they’re good if they’re in good shape and they’re they’re used in the right kind of way when you get hit by a flood so you know

They’re designed to be hit by a flood and to absorb it then you won’t be having a problem so you will be resilient in that sort of way so our aim was to try and find ways in which we could quantify that from a from a zero

Point of view one of the things that uh within our within our underwriting teams we have a function which is called risk engineering and risk engineering basically works with corporate clients goes out to their facilities and assesses their facilities for certain risk factors that we’re looking at fire

They look to see whether or not they’ve got fire alarms whether they’ve got places where you know there’s a huge amount of combustible materials or whatever it is all of these risk factors they can then grade and decide whether they’re good whether they’re bad or they

Could be improved or not and as a result of that have a number attached to them which gives the customer we’re dealing with a risk rating a score if you like along with ideas for how they could improve that score which is our risk Improvement plans and if you

Think about that from a resilience point of view it’s exactly what we’re trying to do with resilience we’re going into a community looking at all those things that could make up resilience seeing whether they’re good or bad or indifferent putting a score to that and then thinking so what do we do to

Improve that situation now the benefit of us taking a whole um all of these assets at the same time is that we look at the unintended consequences of action as well as the intended ones so it’s all about multi-benefit approaches doing something that has multiple impacts in different spaces but doing that deliberately

You know that that actually answered the next follow-on question that I was thinking about cities and local governments can use its information excellent um Lauren do you want to take a question sure thanks kalika um David I really I really enjoyed listening to you talk about the the

Um beginning or the idea behind the tool because it really um starts with a premise that communities are valuable they have value and there’s something about communities that you can’t always quite put your finger on but there’s resilience there and you’re getting it trying to understand that and as you talk you say

The word assets I found that very interesting because I never really thought about them in that way before but that’s exactly what they are um and and so that leads to another question that I’m going to post to Jordana before you even get to use the tool in these communities

You have to select the community and I’m wondering if you could expand or talk a bit more about how you worked with the cities to select your communities um the two communities Trinity Houston Gardens and a leaf in Houston um imagine that there are many many communities in need so what was the

Process to help the cities choose those two communities absolutely so we have uh two different approaches so for the City of Houston we at our cities came up with a community selection criteria that really helped and visualize the Matrix um an outline of all the different shocks and stresses that you can think

Of through Communities going it’s it’s facing so from anything from social inequities racial inequities to how prepared they are when it comes to like the an aftermath of a storm to how they face their extreme heat uh hazards as well and we laid all of those down

And ask the community and ask the the program team to really rank in that order in an order which ones were their prairies so they had about four to five different communities that they had pre-identified with similar issues when it comes to extreme heat and flood and

As well as like the social and the ritual integratives that I mentioned before and it really came to two different aspects that were at the top of the list one of them was how much work has taken place in a community meaning get this community really benefit for an extra

Layer of resources and technical assistance to measure resilience or as this community has already been identified previously are we able to gather data that has been already either collected or or are found within within the study and from the community so at the end of the day we decided to move

Forward with a leave and towards Houston Gardens because they not only had part of the data but also we had a really strong connection to the community in both areas we also had a really strong connection too uh the local Champions that were there are really the enablers of for us to

Come in and ask the questions that we do so local Champions um the hazards that I mentioned extreme heat and flooding racial social and um I’m thinking one last one last one yeah just a a genuine interest in really investing in these communities I have been asking for

Okay thank you Jordana um over to you Malika thank you I mean Jordana I was just going to ask a follow-up question if you don’t mind it’s a question from the chat and it’s really asking about the insights that you gained from the survey were there any

Um needs that were expressed that you didn’t in you didn’t anticipate any surprising ideas that came up uh Yes actually so for both communities in the the city of Houston we had really strong leaders we had a woman named Barbara and the other woman named Huey who have been pillars in both

Communities for the last 30 years and have been really pushing forward for anything related to uh the creation of parks um you know Nutra A’s and different programs and what I discover in the rest of my team through all the different Community activity engagement is that

There is a clear need of the passing of the torch to a new generation so both of the residents uh spoke highly of the team that they’ve worked with but they’ve been doing this for 30 years they’re ready to have some like fresh blood in the group and just a new Fresh

Perspective of the younger generations to take part in you know the advocacy the community engagement and also just making sure that if they are no longer be in the position that they are as local Champions there is a whole series of younger leaders or trained to do the

Work that they’re doing carrying on the work that they’re doing so that was a big big need for both of them thank you for that Lauren do you want to take the next question sure I see some some chats happening and I’m wondering if we could it’s a very

Interesting question so I’m wondering if we could bring it out into the conversation um David about how do you in pleasure Oracle technical like and so someone is tangible yeah great a great question uh that I noticed that uh through the model yeah it’s a great question that Dario

Has posed and and understandable as well I think the short answer is we don’t um we don’t compare uh the uh the quality of the asset in uh in human terms so the the way in which uh the the community has um knowledge or skills

Um but what we do is look to see where they have knowledge um where they have skills and whether or not there are elements of the other assets that they’ve got uh that they could use or harness that knowledge to strengthen or vice versa if there are strong points within the community

Because of the way in which they use the um the natural environment for example uh then we look to try and see how they’re using that natural environment where their strength lies to see whether or not there are education programs that we can use to capitalize on that strength and to build

On that strength the the way in which the tool sets up is to recognize this community as a system so you pull on one lever and many other leave and start to move at the same time within these systems so our our aim with the structure of the tool is to help you

Understand all the approach let’s say is to help you understand where those links are so that if you do start pulling on one because you choose one kind of intervention then you know where else it’s going to impact you know where else you can have a benefit and so you can be

Deliberate about that you can start thinking if I did this then I would be able to overcome the weakness over here here and here whereas if I didn’t do that if I’d just focused on one of the weaknesses all I’m doing is addressing that weakness so it really is

Intentional to try and understand how these things move together I think a bit more like a Rubik’s Cube than I think about it as a as a series of assets to compare with each other and what we’re trying to do is we’re trying to get a a

Holy red side so we’ve got to twist it this way and twist it that way try and find the things that all line up together to go and that’s the solution we should implement it’s a bit of an art and a science at the same time completely not

In the intersections you know those on those um those small tiny crevices between the connections um and you have to go looking deep in there and really try to analyze the data um like if you’ll indulge me while I have David of nudes I want to just post

One other quick question which I think perhaps is um the answer will come from your work with the flood Alliance in in rural areas because we haven’t dove into this in North America yet um the question is do you have projects and slums or informal settlements where you can share some learnings from

Um but I think I think the short answer is uh not a huge amount of experience um because largely where where the flood program has been operating it’s been operating in countries like you know Philippines and Nepal and Indonesia and Vietnam and so on um on on uh from the Asian perspective

Um similarly in Peru in Bolivia in um in Mexico uh all of which has been centered around rural communities or largely around rural communities we have started to do some work in Manila um in the Philippines and that’s um uh almost certainly involves informal settlements of some description uh

Because you know major major cities particularly in Asia where you’ve got major mega cities um huge amounts of vulnerability sit in places that are informal settlements and so the the kind of the work we end up doing with that um is um is less easy to deal with than those

That are in more formalized settlements because the problems that the community is facing those places are much more fundamental you know land rights for example the ability to be able to stay the accessibility of services uh to be able to survive in in those communities in the first place uh plus their then

Tenuous hold on um income and the ability to be able to um survive a kind of pushes the issue of things like floods and heats to the back of the mine so it’s it’s difficult to get us to focus on on particular problems but I think once you start to

Understand that development and resilience are parts of the same coin then you can start to see how you can think about how structuring better access to services for example helps to make you more resilient in the face of floods so what services do you need in those spaces is

It better to support water supplies for example um how do you make sure you achieve those so I suspect that some of the some of the kind of the solutions that will come out of that work in places like Manila um we’ll we’ll focus in a lot on the

Kind of fundamentals of how how some communities work great insights and so the the learnings are transferable essentially even if you don’t have those one-to-one experiences yes thank you Malika over to you yeah no no thank you for that and thanks everyone lots of interesting questions I’m sorry we’re running out of

Time but I will take one last question to Jordana um so I know you talked about the power of individuals to respond so the question is um how people from the community can inform this patient to be implemented especially when they’re not really experts so what are the kind of hints

And what sort of information do you expect to obtain from them and then I’ll also pose the last question about what the community or what what is Left Behind with the communities how how do you actually build in the as individuals thank you Malika so

Um I guess I’ll start with saying that I do consider Community residents um the community itself as subject matter experts I do believe that if you lived in a community for an extended period of time and have had experiences with the hazards that I mentioned extreme heat and flooding the insights

That you can talk to me about the experience of being in on the ground and in most cases we had families that had to stay when they were you know really that storms that high levels of flooding because they had nowhere to go so the insides that we’re we’re getting from

The community are insights from people who have experienced who have had lived experiences on the ground during this uh different hazard so how can they inform so not only again as I mentioned before that they had that experience on their ground they know what works best for them so the

Community at the end of the day they know best they know their Community they know their needs they know their gaps they know that if there is a heavy flood the access to education is limited they know that there if there is extreme heat some cases some of the workers as I

Mentioned before marginalized communities are not able to perform their their job duties so these are all very valuable data uh in other words valve information that we’re able to gather from the the community on the ground now when it comes to thinking how do we address the solutions a lot of

Them already have ideas a lot of them of the community residents already know what works best for them they know that they need a new um let’s say uh they know that they need more access to healthier foods they know that they need more access to uh better

Resources they know that there are gaps when it comes to trading for first aid so these are valuable insights that are really going to help us understand what it is that the community is prioritizing what is it the community needs but most importantly what is other community

Wants so again they are my experts under my eyes because they’ve lifted they and they know exactly what they need trust me they do perfect and while I still have you with them like a muted one last question about how these outcomes are integrated into local government actions and mitigation plans so really

Forward-looking I know you talked about the basic be good to understand how we take this forward so how is integrating the local government so the government of Houston early on had a list of pre-identified uh projects that the community had voiced in the in the past of like Nita

They had that were not able to either read prioritize oh sorry they were not able to prioritize for either a lack of funding or a lack of resources so the the data that we’re collecting is really going to help the program teams to do that to not only prioritize to inform

The practices also to have a defensible argument and back up why are we doing some of the projects that we’re doing so again um the per the process is making sure that the data informs the interventions the local government in this case the city of Houston has had some idea and

Some experience underground identifying those challenges before so they have some sort of ideas of what we can do uh but we for sure would not move forward with any sort of intervention or solution that is not either backed up by the data if we were able to collect and

Also it doesn’t have the buying of the community because if it doesn’t have the mind of the community people don’t feel ownership they don’t feel stewardship and therefore it will not be sustainable very much that was a really great answer and and thank you to both of you for

Answering these questions so well I will hand over to Lori and now to wrap up well that hour went by very fast um thank you so much for your really um engaging presentations and for sharing your work with us I hope that we can bring you back in a future day to talk

More about the next phase of the project where you have co-design Solutions with the communities and and really put some um some work in place to help build community resilience um and that will be exciting to hear more about in the future so thank you again to David Nash and Jordana Vazquez

Um I want to um thank our our session organizers as well Ada rusto and Malcolm Robinson Campbell and thank Malika my lovely co-host it’s been a pleasure to to work with you this morning um the next cities on the front line session will be scheduled on in the

Later part of February so stay tuned to our website for session topics and timing for that one I do apologize to those of you who posted questions in the chat and we ran out of time and we didn’t get to them but we do appreciate your engagement and your thoughts and

Questions feel free to reach out to the speakers um after the today’s session if you want to discuss the program more um thank you all for joining us today this concludes our cities on the front line session take good care and enjoy the rest of your mornings afternoons and evenings goodbye

ID: -wTBRjB67n0
Time: 1674700333
Date: 2023-01-26 06:02:13
Duration: 00:58:09


به اشتراک بگذارید
تعداد دیدگاه : 0
  • دیدگاه های ارسال شده توسط شما، پس از تایید توسط تیم مدیریت در وب منتشر خواهد شد.
  • پیام هایی که حاوی تهمت یا افترا باشد منتشر نخواهد شد.
  • پیام هایی که به غیر از زبان فارسی یا غیر مرتبط باشد منتشر نخواهد شد.
با فعال سازی نوتیفیکیشن سایت به روز بمانید! آیا میخواهید جدید ترین مطالب سایت را به صورت نوتیفیکیشن دریافت کنید؟ خیر بله