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  پرینتخانه » فيلم تاریخ انتشار : 05 اکتبر 2012 - 21:53 | 24 بازدید | ارسال توسط :

فيلم: برنامه ریزی کاهش خطر در نبراسکا

Title:برنامه ریزی کاهش خطر در نبراسکا این وب‌کست فقط برای مشاهده در دسترس است، برای اعتبارات AICP CM قابل استفاده نیست. ۱۰-۰۵-۲۰۱۲ ارائه دهنده: جفری بی ری، AICP قسمتي از متن فيلم: Play mode hello my name is Benjamin Lee and I just want to welcome everyone it is now 1 p.m. eastern time so […]

Title:برنامه ریزی کاهش خطر در نبراسکا

این وب‌کست فقط برای مشاهده در دسترس است، برای اعتبارات AICP CM قابل استفاده نیست. ۱۰-۰۵-۲۰۱۲ ارائه دهنده: جفری بی ری، AICP

قسمتي از متن فيلم: Play mode hello my name is Benjamin Lee and I just want to welcome everyone it is now 1 p.m. eastern time so we’ll begin our presentation shortly today on October fifth will have our presentation on hazard mitigation planning in Nebraska for help during today’s webcast please feel free to type your questions

In the chat box found in the webinar tool bar to the right of your screen or call one eight hundred 263 6317 for content questions please feel free to type those in the questions box and will be able to answer after the presentation here is a list of the sponsoring

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Planning that org slash cm so at today’s date October fifth and then select today’s webcast this webcast is available for 1.5 cm credit we are recording today’s webcast and it will be available along with a six slide per page PDF a print of a presentation at utopia org webcast archive at this time

I’d like to introduce our speaker Jeff Jeff ray recently joined jeo as the planning department manager Jeff came to jeo from the city of Fremont he was the community community development director and was responsible for the planning building and safety CD facilities and code enforcement functions for the city

He has over 19 years of experience in both the public and private sectors Jeff is the client point of contact has a proven track record of responsiveness managing projects with multiple stakeholders significant public involvement and aggressive timelines and now I’ll hand it over to Jeff Thank You Ben I’m not quite sure who

That guy was you described but it sounded awful like like me so welcome everyone which is for hazard mitigation planning in Nebraska a little bit more unique than some of the other states that I’ve experienced if you have questions please fill out the questions will try to answer them as we go along

And if not we will answer them at the end so today the items that were going to coverage an overview of Hazard Mitigation planning in general some of the funding opportunities that are there how hazard mitigation planning first started in Nebraska we were a little bit slower than some of the other states

What some of those update requirements are now that most of the communities in Nebraska are going through their second round of Hazard Mitigation plans an item that we refer to as advanced plans and one thing that’s unique in Nebraska is our public power districts and then finally we’ll conclude with other

Questions so as many of you know there are four phases to emergency management however this isn’t always clear to all of the planners so as we work with planners and communities we often work with their emergency managers to these are the four phases of preparedness response recovery and ultimately

Mitigation the mitigation is involved in all four of these is the primary focus of today’s topic we often get asked why should someone develop a hazard mitigation plan there are several reasons for that the debt disaster mitigation act of two thousand requires it for communities and overall is a

Community planner it makes your community more resilient and can reduce loss of life and property damage it helps you identify what your natural hazards are you can create some constraints particularly in regards to land use and growth development or redevelopment within communities and those constraints often roll into opportunities another component that’s

There is it makes you eligible then for the federal grant funding you must have an approved Hazard Mitigation plan and it must be adopted by your local agency and you must have participated in the development of that Hazard Mitigation plan to be eligible for those grant activities now those grant activities

Are funded at seventy-five percent by FEMA and some states actually contribute a little bit more if we work some in Iowa and they contribute an additional ten percent when it’s available here in Nebraska the natural than Nebraska emergency management does not contribute anything else but most importantly mitigation

Works not only does it help save lives and property but in 2006 they determined that for every one dollar spent by FEMA on hazard mitigation that’s measured mitigation projects it provides the nation with up to four dollars and future benefits it doesn’t have to pay out when those debt disasters strike so

What actually is hazard mitigation according to FEMA hazard mitigation means is any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of human life or property so when we’re concealing with emergency managers it’s often confusing to them as to what a hazard mitigation plan is because they confuse it with their emergency response

Plans and there are other plans that they have here you can see one of the nice tornadoes that we get out here on the Great Plains some examples of the mitigations that would potentially come out of a hazard mitigation plan are this example here of some bank stabilization

You can see the eroding that wood has been taking place and then what it comes back with the riprap in there to protect the property and ultimately the infrastructure local drainage clearance of channels after d’bries and storms local localized channelization that takes place in the swales adjacent to

Some of the streets so culvert replacement and work to prevent this localized flooding oftentimes we also get involved with acquisition and removal of houses that were constructed in the floodplain with numerous creeks and rivers this is a very popular program here in Nebraska we also have tornadoes tornadoes spawn quite often

Layoff of large thunderstorms and can cause massive damage safe rooms are considered a mitigation we have several school districts to purchase pate in the hazard mitigation plans in Nebraska as well as local communities that ultimately build safe rooms to provide a safe shelter to ride out that

Storm also in the Great Plains we have snow and ice with high winds some of those mitigations are necessary undergrounding utilities to keep critical facilities up and operational as well as to just keep power going to homes so they can maintain their heat during those cold winter spells so what

Exactly is hazard mitigation planning as I mentioned earlier it was part of the disaster mitigation action of two thousand and it’s a pre disaster plan similar to comprehensive plans that are done in the community it’s a guidance document that’s set forward to make a specific action come out here our

Ultimate action will be the protection of life and property and development of mitigations some other things that come out of that are also the eligibility in the participation of it for FEMA funding the hazard mitigation funding that we talked about without to talk about the pre-disaster programming of the PDM no

Disaster is required to receive that funding some disasters that are declared with the presidential then have a set aside to provide for those additional funding there’s also the flood mitigation assistance program and the national flood insurance program so that the hazard mitigation grant program is a result is where referred to earlier

Those disasters when they happen so we have a presidential declaration of a particular area that triggers a funding fifteen percent of that overall project that’s funded then because of that disaster rolls back into the local state to be used for planning activities and mitigation it’s based a pop of each disaster

Two years ago Nebraska experienced substantial flooding along the Missouri River and received about 1.5 million in disaster planning grants or funding available for planning grants this year there have been no declaration presidential declarations so the following year in 2013 there will not be any of that funding available to the

State recently we got some data from FEMA and this shows the top ten states that shows their unobligated funds so if your state is listed on here there may be a substantial amount of money out there for your community to pursue hazard mitigation planning as well as hazard mitigation projects to make those

To make your communities more resilient and mitigate from those natural disasters make your communities a little bit stronger now in Nebraska when we started in 2007 we did single jurisdiction plans those single jurisdiction plans represented in each individual community each individual communities were not able to really do

Much with those plans they didn’t have an idea of what they should do with them and they ended up ultimately just sitting on the shelf and the plan was very similar to the community that was next door Nebraska obviously is a rural state we have numerous jurisdictions and

The majority of our population is actually in the eastern portion of the state covering a very small footprint so we had a massive amount of documents that was really unwieldly to manage from the emergency management perspective and then started doing the multi-jurisdictional plans not only were those single jurisdiction plans

Repetitive and hard to manage but they didn’t coordinate with anybody adjacent to them if they did want to do a project so anybody upstream or downstream from a flood protection project that they put in was not included in part of their plan and they would have to do their own plans

Individually so ultimately the plans just sat on the shelves they may be good plans but they didn’t do anything to the communities to help them and help the people of the community or even really educate the people of the community what to do so in Nebraska we’re unique in the

Country we have natural resource districts based upon our watershed boundaries and we started doing multi jurisdictional plans based off of the natural resource districts and this made a lot of sense for several reasons one it definitely fit with the mission of the natural resource districts or the NR

DS as we refer to them to conserve and to sustain and improve the natural resources in the environment now the major natural resource that we awfully have here in Nebraska is along our rivers and our streams so the DNR d was the one that was responsible for the

Maintenance of those facilities and that natural resource today and it only made sense that they would become the agency in charge of this they are also a local sub taxing subdivision with local property tax so as individuals often asked what does the NRG do for me this

Is one thing that the NRD points back to in their hazard mitigation plans and points to them and says this is something how we’re protecting you as a community and how these projects that lap over city and county boundaries help overall for the entire water basin and not just one particular jurisdiction

Here you can see a map of the 30 natural resource districts in Nebraska and how they’re set up they do chrome to the general citizens but most people understand what the natural resource district does and how they’re laid out and what natural resource district there in based off of their property tax bill

Some of the additional benefits there were they just covered large chunks of populations and we didn’t have a significant number of plans sitting out there on the shelves that nobody was tracking we also work in Iowa and they had upward didn’t work for anyone it was simply just a paperwork

Process of shuffling plans back and forth and getting them updated when they needed to be updated so the two largest population wise in our DS in Nebraska the Papio Missouri River nrd which covers the eastern portion of the state and the City of Omaha and the lower flat

South NRD which is directly west of there and covers the city of Lincoln together those two populations cover about fifty four percent of Nebraska’s population but less than ten percent of its actual footprint so these were all based upon watersheds and it made sense because of the urban nature of these

Particular NRG’s as well as the rural nature of the other n RDS that the NRD would actually take over and manage the floodplain component they also had years of experience in dealing with the flood issues trying to protect not only the surface water but also the ground water

As the Ogallala Aquifer runs under Nebraska and it’s one of the greatest natural resources that the state has and it is also responsible for our agricultural economy with the irrigation and everything that takes place there so their regulations that not only control the surface water but control the groundwater and prevent the

Contaminations between the two so they’ve made an obvious choice to be able to do multi-jurisdictional plans and become the sponsors of those plans and they also fit under what FEMA’s definitions were for local jurisdictions so they were able to utilize and be cost-effective and efficient by creating

One much larger plan over a broad area and not having lots of little plans scattered throughout the state that expired at various times and contained efforts that weren’t coordinated across those jurisdictional lines it was able to save the community as well as the state lots of dollars because they had

One much larger project and they received an economy of scale so the HMP process and how we were able to been able to develop that here in Nebraska it’s fairly simple and it’s a very traditional planning process you have your initial project kickoff meeting with the interested parties local

Elected invite the local public and have public meetings dependent upon the nrd actual area we will often have multiple meetings that cover public participation to not to avoid having to travel long distances in addition to that we are now trying to apply some social media aspects utilizing Facebook mind mixer

And some of those other online programs that are able to solicit individuals input and allow them to participate in the program without actually attending the town hall meetings so after our initial pick up kick off goes in and we get our public involvement from that and

We ask they fill out their forms and we go through the draft analysis of what everyone contributed to make sure we have a complete picture of all of the natural hazards that have occurred in that area develop that form produce it back and give it back to the community

So that they can take a good look at it give them about 30 days to review it hold another big public meeting to allow them to look at it again and then finalize the plan and ultimately send it on to the Nebraska Emergency Management for their review and forwarding on to

FEMA for their approval palm FEMA’s approval then it comes back to those local jurisdictions to adopt and start to implement the plan consists of two major components or two major sections is we refer to it the up front section are some of the general requirements the documentation of the

Planning process who participated which community participated what those communities look like what are their populations what are the critical facilities that they have what hazards were identified and is that truly a risk and we try to quantify all of those develop some mitigation strategies that are general to there and then we have

The participants section where it’s individualized to each particular jurisdiction whether it’s a city or a county or the school district that participate in that exact plan and then they roll up into the bigger plan so in Nebraska these are the potential hazards that we analyze you can see the fire on

The right we obviously have quite a few of those with our high winds that heat up during the summer and our grass grass wildland and grass fires that pick up tornadoes floods landslides we have dam failures winter storms we also are starting to look now at hazards from

Man-made hazards the natural has as well as the natural hazards you look at so you can see that the couple natural hazards that aren’t on here we have a very small threat of earthquakes but the ones that aren’t on here are the hurricane and coastal surge if we end up

With a coastal surgeon Nebraska as the country’s got a lot bigger problems than we’re ever going to have to worry about on a hazard mitigation plan by the time the hurricanes actually reached Nebraska they’ve been severely downgraded and have just come in form of thunderstorms with maybe producing some tornadoes so after everything

Been identified and we’ve done our community profile and determined to the historical occurrences through our research with the local community and conversations with local elected and the emergency managers and looking back off of the historic research that is available we go into a structural inventory and we determine their

Vulnerability and their analysis and do our full risk assessment to determine what those potential losses could be and try to quantify them one of the tools that is utilized in the GIS basis is a has this program that allows you to determine what some of those losses are

With a 100-year floodplain utilizing the census data and all of the power of GIS behind you and what you can do and determine the actual valuation and frequency of those losses we also do a structural inventory to determine the types of uses that would be impacted would it take out any critical

Facilities or the residential or the nursing homes or the schools but those types of public structures that are there that would potentially be taken out within a flood we also identify those critical facilities not only for for the floods but for other hazards high winds and tornadoes man-made hazards who are the vulnerable

Populations of your nursing homes schools emergency shelters try to identify all of those locations on your mapping program with your assessment to determine what their vulnerability is after all of that process is done you try to come up with a range of mitigation that is very broad that starts with just general community

Education where do I go during a flood where do I go during the tornado what do i do during a snowstorm what items do I need to keep with me in my vehicle I travel some of those very simple type things as well as working with the local

Chamber of Commerce to help businesses come up with contingency disaster plans of replication of records that are necessary do some emergency management training with the local leaders not just necessarily the emergency managers and the local fire enforcement and law enforcement and volunteer fire departments but also with those

Individuals that work for communities so they know what they’re supposed to do and when they’re supposed to do it and then coordinate on a regional level when your town in many of our towns are very small when they have our impacted the entire in the entire community will be

Impacted so we encourage communities to create sister relationships with other communities so when those disasters do strike your sister community can come in and establish what’s necessary to be done and follow your mitigations and follow your post disaster plans but we put that up front in the pre disaster

Planning because that’s the place where it makes more sense and you can actually coordinate all of those on an upfront effort and all of these mitigations ultimately roll back into the state plan and into the FEMA framework we also try to identify any funding that’s necessary for any of those mitigations there’s

Substantial amount of funding that is out there not only from FEMA there’s a lot of non FEMA support to not only just in dollars but training and information educational programs people will come out to your community and talk to you about Firewise communities how to how to

Build the rain gardens all of those different types of things that can be utilized to help minimize the impact of any particular natural disaster nope phemus updates or females require requirements on hazard mitigation plans I talked about a little earlier now Nebraska is all going into their second

And sometimes third plan we’ve now all gone to these multiple jurisdictional plans they have to be updated every five years to be relevant and to continue to be eligible for those plant those project funds from FEMA we suggest to all of the individual communities that they start doing that at least 24 months

In advance because it takes about 8 12 to 18 months to actually complete a new hazard mitigation plan update you need to allow sufficient time for NEMA and FEMA to allow for their approval process so that they can review the plan make any changes that are necessary to the

Chain to the plan get it back to the communities and then a plan will actually be adopted and put into place with the community and then they can start their implementation so there’s been some changes since the first plans have come out in 2009 we have the presidential directive or PPD eight that

Set out some more national preparedness goals that were a little bit broader where you include the entire community and don’t just focus necessarily on the emergency management portion of it it also set out a framework for the quantitative risk assessment and how that was to be done and really put a

Focus on mitigation projects not the actual planning process but on mitigation how do we make communities more resilient how do we keep people out of the floodplain how do we keep them out of harm’s way and make people safer and have a much more viable community FEMA has also changed their review tool

Which just took place this October let me no longer go through a crosswalk it’s much more it’s an easier process now it allows a little bit more flexibility and I’m not sure if it’s nationwide but at least in region seven of FEMA we’re now keeping track of project mitigation database not only are

We trying to figure out what other communities are doing but we’re trying to pass on best practices to those other communities but also we want to know what is being done or are these are our plans just sitting on the shelf as they were before it’s our experience here in

Nebraska the plans are actually now if being implemented and as we come back to update these new plans we’re seeing that projects are actually on the ground and in place and that the communities are in better position than they were five years ago the other major component that

Was included recently is now the man-made threats both accidental and terrorist type threats are now being included in hazard mitigation plans so as we look at the new update and figure out how do you best create reduction of risk and make your communities more resilient we try to include the entire

Community we’re prior to that it was maybe just a local electives and the emergency management folks that were involved now we reach out to the entire community hold broad public meetings utilize some of those social networking sites that are out there to try to get more people involved to get a broader

Awareness of the natural hazards as well as an understanding of what they can do and locally as well as individually within their businesses and their homes so as I mentioned earlier the traditional plan we have found from some of our clients tended to just sit on the

Shelf and as we talked with our clients about that we found that the impediment to them was actually applying for the grant because the cost of putting together that grant application was a risk to them and their budgets were so short and so small that they could not

Risk that type of funding typically we have found that it takes about twenty five thousand dollars for commune need to put together that grant application and that grant are traditionally under the plan it didn’t include any engineering or cost-benefit analysis or site review or any of those

Types of things and that burden came upon all of those communities so we worked with with nima here in Nebraska and FEMA you know to region 7 out of Kansas City and our clients to come up with what we refer to as the advanced planet concept or a priest pre-screening

Process where the projects that were identified are actually able to be fought out a little bit further and we develop a pre-application package for those individual communities go through a screening process of that to determine if we think it’s going to meet that cost benefit analysis and give them a range

So if we know that it’s very close to one the community may not pursue it if it’s much higher than one we know that it’s going to be a good project for the community and there may be a substantial cost benefit we also do a preliminary environmental review and the other

Supporting documents documentation is necessary there are any historical buildings involved and we help the community prioritize which witch project will have the best bang for the buck which one can they actually afford and what year will they actually be able to for it because most of these communities

Are small and aren’t able to do multiple projects in one year so the advance plan concept helps them and puts an emphasis actually on implementation to make the communities more resilient and it helps them prioritize it doesn’t go all the way to developing the plan because we

Can’t get all the way into plans and project development under the under the federal guidelines that would be the next phase upon the grant actually being approved but it helps the community and at the end of the day when their plan is approved they’re ready to go with a

Grant application shortly after that if the community believes that that’s their best interest to move forward because about sixty percent of their grant application will have already been come pleted under the original planning phase with the Hazard Mitigation plan here is a typical example for a community where

They were having a drainage project and under the original drainage project their grant application fees were about 25 thousand dollars to put that together and this was all a burden upon the local community and all one hundred percent at risk on the local community if that grant application when they get done

Doesn’t meet the cost-benefit analysis or FEMA for some reason does not fund that project so under the advanced plan concept the the community then would put forward approximately a total amount of fifteen thousand dollars for the completion of that project there’s priest FEMA and the local map share of

The 75 25 percent the local community actually is only risking three thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars at that point they know or have a very good idea if that project would actually be funded and it’s feasible for them to move forward with at that point then they could complete the application without

Additional ten thousand dollars and have a completed application for less money than they would have originally done it but they also had a break in between after they spent less than four thousand dollars to understand really well is this a feasible project for the community and it so far we’ve had

Several communities take advantage of this type of planning exercise and going further into the implementation phase overall nationally the hazard mitigation plans you can see here and how they’re distributed and what those funding sources have gone to the vast majority has gone for acquisition and removal out of the floodplain and the stormwater

Management obviously from a hazard mitigation perspective it’s much easier to predict where the water is going to go along a creek or a stream or river and identify that flood plain as opposed to where the tornado is going to hit or when a severe ice or wind

Storm hits those things are a little bit unpredictable and generally take out a much larger swath so in conclusion we are encouraging our communities to not only team together and work together on a regional basis with the natural resource districts but to really put their focus on implementation of the

Plan as we work through the process and through the public meetings we want good solid ideas and try to identify those local individuals that will then step up and be the champions for those local projects in many of them no no of and are aware of several drainage issues

That they’ve had over the years but just don’t have an idea how to tackle it from a funding perspective and through their participation in the Hazard Mitigation plan it creates that opportunity for them to do it the other thing we encourage them to do is allow ample time

To do a good Hazard Mitigation plan don’t try to slam it together in the last six months before your other plan expires but allow up to two years to get an early start and really include the public as much as possible and then we also include including consider that

Pre-screening process or there’s advance plans to get the projects a little bit closer to actually application for a grant to get them moving a little bit forward and don’t allow the grant application process being the impediment to that and then we share our ideas with other communities and other natural

Resource districts throughout the state and we do this not only Nebraska but also in Iowa South Dakota and Missouri so we try to share those as best as possible so with that there contact information and i will take questions as they come up oh yeah so we have a couple questions here first

Questions from John have you considered including Yellowstone volcano eruption John that’s a good question no we have we have not considered volcanic activity here in Nebraska Yellowstone would probably be about our closest however when mount st. helens dinner upped obviously way out on the west coast it

Did impact most of the country with that ash that is definitely something that we could note and should be considered there is also activities to take place halfway around the world and you know in China when there’s major fires or dust storms that that affect us here in our

Air quality but we have not considered those in our hazard mitigation plans today second question is from Aneesa how was environment justice addressed in your planning and how was it included in the final plan then could you repeat that question more time please okay how was environmental justice addressed in your planning and

How was it included in the final plan on the on the natural hazards side we we do not look at the environmental justice components those are done on other federal projects that we work on as well as some of our comprehensive plans but the natural hazards don’t look at the

Population base they only address that natural hazard and a population that would potentially be there and we do not look at anything else beyond that so we don’t really address it from an environmental justice perspective next question can you give an example of an hmp I identified mitigation project sure

I mean there are specific communities now that are building tornado shelters within schools within new schools particularly as new schools move forward those school districts will apply for FEMA funding to build a safe room where they can seek refuge near during those storms as tornados come about for those

Of you that are familiar with them there’s typically a a time period of warning of a matter of minutes to a matter of hours before a tornado would actually strike and the siren systems that go off which would also be a mitigation there’s a civil defense type

Sirens that cover large portions of the community those sirens go off and and warn you to take cover and then you could seek cover in those safe rooms additional residents could seek that coverage we also have a requirement in Nebraska for our mobile home parks to have safe rooms for tornadoes because

That particular housing choice is particularly vulnerable to high winds and tornadoes we’ve also done fortification of stream beds around critical bridges to help prevent erosion during those high waters and maintain that bridge so the community can maintain access in and out of the community okay next question is from

James what do you think are the key reasons funding is not being fully utilized that’s a that’s a great question and we’ve asked that question too often times we found that the most of our communities either they have constrained budgets and they’re just not able to put funding towards that because

They deem something else to be a higher priority but what is opt in this cases they just don’t have personnel to do it we’re dealing with small communities that maybe have one or two people on full-time staff and volunteer fire departments and the manpower just plain

Isn’t there to be able to do it within the local jurisdictions here that’s why when we went to the multi-jurisdictional plans based off of the natural resource districts where they have staffs of 10 20 30 40 people they were able to do more of the projects and actually start

Applying for some of those types of things and take that burden off of the local jurisdiction and take it on in a bigger basis but i think it’s think it’s a factor of budgets and willingness and awareness for in some cases and just plain education that those opportunities are available and there’s actual

Substantial amount of funding out there based off of natural disasters that have happened previously mixed questions from Matthew how do you ensure that the plan does not just stay on the shelf like before how many mark events are conducted per year to keep the plans and the processes in the plans

Fresh in the minds of municipalities well we we really don’t have a way to ensure that they don’t just sit on the shelf not only are we a planning firm but we’re also an engineering firm so my engineers who established these relationships and continue to work as city engineers accounting engineers in

These areas continue to push these projects forward with the community when they’re working on on all aspects of the city engineering whether they’re working on roads they’ll bring the drainage in and try to try to address it from a comprehensive perspective and work with them as they’re establishing their

Capital improvement plans each year and go back and review them the local emergency managers do their mock drills we don’t get involved with with their mock drills because we’re on the pre-disaster side and trying to put things in place prior to the disaster actually taking place so I really can’t

Answer how many how often they do the mock training I do hear about it quite a bit from our emergency managers that we work with on the on the pre disaster planning side though the next question is does all new paceman require stormwater retention to reduce downstream flooding it doesn’t

Necessarily require retention or detention it does we do have stable obviously that requires the increased flow to not your the float to not be increased with new pavement as it goes in typically most of my communities that we work in here don’t increase the flow substantially and there’s not a tremendous pressure to

Pave large swaths of the area other than in a couple communities in Nebraska where they are experiencing substantial growth and those individual communities have their their water quality and quantity control measures and regulations in place that the department of natural resources at the state level works on a Department of Environmental

Quality so they do control all of those and that is helping help control some of those storm surges as they do come off of those impervious services we also encourage the locals in the in the residential area as well as new commercial development to take place and there’s a substantial push in Nebraska

Now to put in some green infrastructure to try to retain as much water on site and to get it to percolate back down into the aquifers that are here and continue to recharge those and not just put it into a concrete channel most of our creeks and rivers and all of that

Aren’t paved they they do allow for that that natural flow we were were abundantly blessed with lots of natural open space that is great for agriculture and we we don’t have a substantial problem with water runoff from major urban areas except for in a few cases the next question from James are their

Requirements to make these plans available on the net I am unaware of any requirement to make the plans available on the Internet some communities are putting them on the Internet when we create a plan for a community we we provide them and with not only hard copies but with a complete

Digital version which allows them to do what they want to do with it if they want to continue to control it or if they want to distribute it or put it out on their website then and that is their local option as we move into identification of threats and critical

Facilities there are going to be portions of those plans that are not going to be widely available to the public for security purposes duclos require new buildings to have when storm protection in in Nebraska the code the the codes that most people use or the uniform building code and the

International building codes the issues that we run into here is that many rural communities meaning the probably two-thirds of the state don’t actually enforce the building codes and don’t actually issue building permits they will issue a zoning permit for a new structure however the contractor or local individual building that will then

Sign that they will adhere to those to those codes and they specify the year and which update of that particular code that they utilize but it does address the high wind shears and the requirements that are necessary to secure the building to the foundation within those within the building codes

Booo Dolores bill from a major oil natural gas pipeline be covered under man-made hazards yeah that would definitely be a man-made hazard in a very current issue here in Nebraska with the XL Keystone Keystone pipeline being proposed coming through and it’s a it’s a hot very hot topic and that would be

One of those security threats as well as a natural or an accidental spill either one could be very catastrophic to the Ogallala Aquifer or the local community where that happens so there’s going to be a lot of attention paid to any additional proposed pipelines that continue to come across Nebraska there

Are already some and those pipelines have been included in those hazard mitigation plans previously from a threats perspective which the local jurisdiction deals with those land development require floodway protection and floodplain compensation the state regulations prohibit development within the floodplain within the 100-year floodplain in Nebraska and

It’s up to the local jurisdictions to enforce that with their zoning permits and their building permits if they issue building permits so floodplains are prohibited for for development from at least from habitable structures there are numerous structures that are grandfathered into those I’m not sure what you mean by the the floodplain

Compensation this question is from Carl is a funding you identified just for planning or is it also for implementation it’s for both there’s funding available for the planning at the 75 25 split and there’s also hazard mitigation grant program for projects that were identified so there’s two separate funding sources there and the

Set aside for planning is much smaller than actually for the set aside for the actual projects this is from James is there a process to amend plans prior to updates when new threats or mitigations are identified no we have not experienced that and norm norm aware of

Any requirement to update upon any no new known threat I’m not sure what a new threat could potentially come up obviously if something did come up it would probably be analyzed at a local law enforcement level and work out that with the emergency manager and then be

Caught up into the next round of Hazard Mitigation plan updates we are doing non-school times our school emergency facilities open to the public in theory yes and it has been an issue where the facility is actually supposed to be open to the community 24-7 or be available to the community 24-7 and i

Know i’ve worked in some communities now where we there are code locks that are put on the doors where numerous people in the community and neighbors have access to that code to allow that to open however there have been situations where those have been locked and nobody

Has been able to get into them because the individual is not around but in theory yes they’re supposed to be open 24-7 does the d.o.t or other state agency have their own plans and or participate in local plants do t does not have their own plan and another very unique thing

About Nebraska is all of the public all of the dip all of the power in Nebraska is controlled by public power district sits none of it is private we don’t have private energy providers here in Nebraska it’s all public those are subset of the state government and therefore they are all considered a

Nexus to the state plan and they have their own each individual plan has their own which folds up into the state plan they also do participate at the local level because it is in their best interest to make sure that their assets from a public power district perspective

As well as the county roads and State Department of roads that protect their bridges and their roads participate just at the local level but they don’t have their own individual state plan i should say this is from james what is the funding split for the mitigation when i

Think i have these numbers right in my head i should have had these exact numbers written down but after the presidential disaster declaration is declared and that total amount is accumulated it’s my understanding that of that total amount fifteen percent of that total number is set aside for hazard mitigation that means for

Projects as well as for planning of that number that fifteen percent that set aside i believe seven and a half percent of that fifteen percent is for planning purposes i’m not sure i have the exact number but that’s that’s my understanding and how the process works this question is

From Doug does Nebraska have public above or underground shelters for tornadoes we have both some areas of the state like the area that that I grew up in we have subsurface water very close to the surface meaning that if the homes actually dug a basement 10 feet down

They would have a couple feet of water in their basement every spring when the water rose from the snowmelt so in those particular situations we will do above-ground storm shelters some people in other parts of the state to below ground sometimes it’s a combination of the two where it’s partially submerged

And then covered with a dirt berm most of the time now with the larger community safe rooms particularly in schools those are fortified walls and roofs that are completely above ground what is the local share and mitigation projects the local share is the 25-percent minimum of twenty-five percent they can

Contribute more but is a minimum of twenty-five percent of that project costs as well as the planning costs do the watershed area across state lines no they don’t cross state lines and that’s an interesting question because we’ve had that same discussion particularly with our Papio Missouri natural resource

District which runs the entire length of the eastern portion of the state along the Missouri River or almost that entire portion and if you’re doing flood control measures on the west side of the river what does that mean to our friends on the east side of the river whether in

South Dakota or Iowa in the coordination that’s necessary between those two or those different states as well as there’s some metropolitan planning agencies the to metropolitan agencies we only have in the state are also on that Missouri River corridor and that tends to be the population base not only of

Nebraska but also of western Iowa their population basis right along that Missouri River also so no there’s no coordination really across state lines nor is there any major coordination that i’m aware of at a state level with iowa department homeland security or Nebraska Emergency Management okay see further questions thank you for a

Great presentation Jeff and one of our speakers could not attend today session so we’ll wrap up here today and I want to thank everyone for attending today’s webcast thank you Jeff thank you for those of you who are still in in attendance I just want to go through a

Few reminders first off to log off your sim credits for attending today’s webcast please go to planning that org slash cm select today’s date and then select today’s webcast this webcast is available for 1.5 cm credit also we are recording today’s session so you will be able to find recording of this webcast

Along with the six slide per page PDF at utah APA org and also on youtube this concludes today’s session and I want to thank everyone again for attending thank you you you you you you you you

ID: fgvCkuE5vAs
Time: 1349461408
Date: 2012-10-05 21:53:28
Duration: 01:01:08


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